Religion is an integral part of any community or society, an integral part of its cultural heritage, particularly in Indian Scenerio. It is considered as an organized approach for leading a fulfilling and happy life. The religious community of Assam mainly comprises of Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism and Buddhism. Apart from this, various tribes of Assam follows their indigenous religious principles. Despite such vast differences in their religious faiths and beliefs, all the people within the state live in perfect peace and harmony with each other.
The religious dimension of Assamese life is principally influence by the Ek-Xaran Naam Dharma or the Vaisnav Dharma of Mahapurux Shreemanta Sankardeva. The Gurujona (as addressed by people of Assam) was the father of Assamese religious and cultural integrity. He used culture as the key instrument of spreading his religious philosophy to the mass. As a result, the Vaisnavite culture has become so deep rooted in the society, that its influence is observed in all spheres of Assamese social life. Religious overtones of His teaching are obvious in almost all forms of Assamese folk music. He synthesized the fundamentals of Indian Classical music with folk tradition of already existed in this part of land, and thus gave birth to a new genre of music.