Text Box: Xutuli ( The Clay Pipe)

Class : Aerophone


                             Xutuli  is played like a whistle by blowing air to the “tone hole” ( as in a whistle)  and the notes are created with the help of two holes in the front,  serving as key holes. 


         Xutuli is a hollow instrument with two or more  key holes. The xutulis are generally made of clay ( popular belief is that the clay from earthworm’s pit is the best for making a Xutuli),  but Xutulis made of Bamboo , wood  etc. are also found.


Generally the shape of Xutuli is of the shape of a half moon, however, Xutulis of the shape of a pot , an egg  etc. are also found to  be used.

 In Bohag Bihu , Xutuli has   importance of its own.  Initially, the cowboy’s ( Ggorokhiya lora) used Xutuli as a toy, because of ease of construction .  Xutuli  is played by both boy and girls in Bihu , but most importantly Xutuli  is an indispensable part of Jeng Bihu and Bihuwati dances, and predominantly played by girls. Now a days every  Bihuwati  is desired  be  an accomplished Xutuli player.


                       This instrument looks like the half moon. It is believed that initially this type of instruments were developed when people tried to  produce  musical  sounds using hard shells of fruits like coconut, and then similar shapes made from potter’s clay. These  types of instruments tries to imitate the sound of animals and birds and produce the sound of a flute. These instruments were initially used as toys and finally developed to   musical instruments. In old china this type of instrument existed which was called  “ xun


 Instruments like Xutuli are believed to be existing since the time beyond history . Remnants  of  musical instruments like Xutuli are found in different archeological excavations.  From the shape and sound of Xutuli,  it can be derived that this instrument was made imitating the birds. In the Assamese folk culture, people believe that the sound of Xutuli invites rain.

© copyright www.anvesha.co.in 2011


  1.  Oxomor Badyajontro – Sri Dharmeswar Duwara- Bani Mandir

  2.  Bihure Birina Paat – Jaykanta Gandhiya/ Nomal Gogoi – Prithiviraj Media

 3. Badya Abhigyan : - Dr. Debajit Saikia- Axom Naam Xamaroh Udjapan Xamiti




  1. Dwijen Gogoi – Serekapar – Sibsagar

           2.   Ananda Gogoi- Nitai Puhuri – Sibsagar